Gerhard Richter: 40 Years of Painting

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA), San Francisco, USA

11 October 2002 – 14 January 2003

Cathedral Square, Milan
米兰教堂广场

1968 275 cm x 290 cm 作品全目录: 169

布面油画

Measuring almost 3 x 3 metres, Cathedral Square, Milan is one of Gerhard Richter's largest figurative paintings. The work features the northern side of the cathedral square, onto which the shopping centre Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II faces. The façade of the 19th century Galleria covers a large area of the painting’s left side. This is a contrast to the right of the picture, where one can see two left side aisles of the gothic cathedral and the adjacent square.

As with the majority of Richter's paintings from the 1960s, Cathedral Square, Milan is executed in grey scale, however in this case Richter forgoes extreme contrasts of deep blacks and bright whites. The slightly blurred appearance of the painting, which Richter achieved by smudging over the paint later on, is one of Richter's characteristics. This painting features a specific kind of blurring: the artist treated the picture in a wave-like manner.

It is of note that Richter forgoes to feature the cathedral as Milan's most famous landmark. Instead he directs his attention to the immediate surroundings of the cathedral. The fact that Richter addressed the Milan cathedral in a painting as early as 1964 might offer an explanation: Milan, Cathedral [CR: 49] which is based on a photograph taken from a newspaper or magazine.

This painting was a commissioned work for the company Siemens Elettra and it remained at the company's headquarters in Milan for 30 years. According to Richter, this commission was the beginning of an ongoing preoccupation with townscapes: "Yes, sometimes I've enjoyed doing commissioned work in order to discover something that I wouldn't have found of my own accord. And so, when Siemens commissioned my first townscape, that led to all the townscapes that followed."1

Whilst Richter worked on Cathedral Square, Milan, he created a second painting of Milan of the same measurements, which is Richter's first townscape based on an aerial photograph. Since the painting eventually did not meet the artist's expectations, Richter cut it into nine pieces which are listed as autonomous works in his catalogue raisonné: Townscape M1 to Townscape M9 [CR: 170/1-9]; one part of which has been painted over using grey paint. Following the two Milan paintings, between 1968 and 1970 Richter created 38 further townscapes. [All townscapes]

 

1 Interview with Hans Ulrich Obrist, 1993 in: Gerhard Richter: Text. Writings, Interviews and Letters 1961–2007, Thames & Hudson, London, 2009, p. 301.

 

Notes prepared by editorial team

Sotheby's, New York, USA: 14 May 2013

估价: USD 30,000,000 – 40,000,000
售价:
USD 37,125,000

Sotheby's, London, UK: 09 December 1998

估价: GBP 800,000 – 1,200,000 USD 1,323,188 – 1,984,783
售价:
GBP 2,201,500 (包括买家佣金)
USD 3,650,306

关于此作的文献:

标题 作者 日期

出版社

Heni Publishing, London (2019)

图书资料

平装, 176 页

国际标准书号

9781912122240

语言

英文

种类

专题论文

作品说明

A series of seven interviews between art curator Hans Ulrich Obrist and visual artist Gerhard Richter.

艺术品提到本作品: 第 26页 
The Richter Interviews Obrist, Hans Ulrich / Richter, Gerhard  2019

出版社

University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis (2018)

图书资料

平装, 352 页

国际标准书号

978-1-5179-0045-8

语言

英文

种类

专题论文
艺术品提到本作品 
The Truth is Always Grey. A History of Modernist Painting Guerin, Frances   2018

出版社

Travel-House-Media, München (2014)

图书资料

平装, 176 页

国际标准书号

9783834217301

语言

德文

种类

专题论文
艺术品提到本作品: 第 123页 
Köln. Eine Stadt in Biographien. Merian-Porträts Driessen, Christoph / Lewandowski, Norbert  2014

出版社

Tate Publishing, London (2010)

图书资料

平装, 96 页

国际标准书号

9781854379641

语言

英文

种类

专题论文
艺术品讨论到本作品: 第 65-69页 
图示本作品: 第 67 页 (黑白) 

在这本书里,知名的美国学者兼策展人Robert Storr对里希特2005年的画作

...
More Details
September. A History Painting by Gerhard Richter Storr, Robert  2010

Die Welt

期刊号

24 September 2010

语言

德文

种类

报纸文章
艺术品图示本作品 (黑白) 
阅读文章
Gerhard Richter: Die Hälfte im Museum ist Müll Tittel, Cornelius  2010

出版社

University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL (2009)

图书资料

精装, 408 页

国际标准书号

9780226203232

语言

英文

种类

专题论文
艺术品讨论到本作品: 第 156-158页 
图示本作品: 第 157 页 (黑白) 

里希特一般被视为害羞低调的艺术家,这本传记《Gerhard Richter. A Life in Painting》让读者能了解他的生平和艺术创作历程的发展。

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. A Life in Painting Elger, Dietmar  2009

出版社

DuMont, Köln (2008)

图书资料

平装, 415 页

国际标准书号

9783832190651

语言

德文

种类

专题论文

作品说明

Corrected and extended new edition.

艺术品讨论到本作品: 第 181页 

Gerhard Richter has been widely regarded as a publicity shy artist. However, the biography Gerhard Richter, Maler gives an insight into Richter’s personal history as well as into the development of his artistic œuvre

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter, Maler Elger, Dietmar  2008

出版社

Richter Verlag, Düsseldorf in association with D.A.P Distributed Art Publishers, New York, NY (2005)

图书资料

精装, 324 页

国际标准书号

9783937572215

国际标准书号

393757221X

语言

英文, 英文

种类

个展
艺术品提到本作品: 第 27页 

展览

This catalogue raisonné records Richter’s works in the years 1993-2004. In his work, Gerhard Richter calls into question painting's boundaries, and the labels applied to painting and theories connected with them

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Catalogue Raisonné 1993–2004 Zweite, Armin  2005

出版社

Richter Verlag, Düsseldorf in association with D.A.P Distributed Art Publishers, New York, NY (2005)

图书资料

精装, 323 页

国际标准书号

9783937572208

国际标准书号

978-3937572208

语言

德文, 德文

种类

个展
艺术品提到本作品: 第 25, 26页 

展览

This catalogue raisonné records Richter’s works in the years 1999-2004. In his work, Gerhard Richter calls into question painting's boundaries, and the labels applied to painting and theories connected with them

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Werkverzeichnis 1993-2004 Zweite, Armin  2005

出版社

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (2003)

图书资料

平装, 336 页

国际标准书号

0870703552

语言

英文

种类

专题论文
艺术品提到本作品: 第 62页 
讨论到本作品: 第 59, 60页 
图示本作品: 第 30 页 (黑白) 

Gerhard Richter is widely recognized as one of the most significant painters working today, and he is certainly among the most influential. He has worked in a wide range of media since the early 1960s

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Doubt and Belief in Painting Storr, Robert  2003

出版社

DuMont, Köln (2002)

图书资料

精装, 420 页

国际标准书号

9783832158484

语言

德文

种类

专题论文
艺术品讨论到本作品: 第 201页 

Gerhard Richter has been widely regarded as a publicity shy artist. However, the biography Gerhard Richter, Maler gives an insight into Richter’s personal history as well as into the development of his artistic œuvre

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter, Maler Elger, Dietmar  2002

出版社

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (2002)

图书资料

精装, 平装, 340 页

国际标准书号

189102437X

语言

英文

种类

个展
艺术品提到本作品: 第 42, 43页 
图示本作品: 第 145 页 (彩色) 

展览

与在纽约现代美术馆MoMA举办的《Gerhard Richter. 40 Years of Painting》展览同时出版,该展览图录收录了里希特过去四十年来最具代表性的各种作品,还有一篇由Robert Storr撰写的文章,以及Robert Storr对里希特的访谈节选。

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Forty Years of Painting Storr, Robert  2002

出版社

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (2002)

图书资料

精装, 340 页

国际标准书号

9783775711692

语言

德文

种类

个展
艺术品讨论到本作品: 第 39, 40, 41页 
图示本作品: 第 145 页 (彩色) 

展览

与在纽约现代美术馆MoMA举办的《Gerhard Richter. 40 Years of

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Malerei Storr, Robert  2002

出版社

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (1996)

图书资料

精装, 311 页

国际标准书号

3893228608

语言

英文, 德文

种类

群展
艺术品提到本作品: 第 38, 48页 

展览

Gerhard Richter, Sigmar Polke, Arnulf Rainer. Sammlung Frieder Burda = Collection Frieder Burda Poetter, Jochen / Brehm, Margrit / Möckel, Birgit  1996

出版社

Franz Paludetto, Torino (1990)

图书资料

精装, 162 页

语言

意大利语, 英文

种类

群展
艺术品提到本作品 
图示本作品 (彩色) 

展览

65 - 75. Aspetti e pratiche dell'arte europea Magnani, Gregorio  1990
Gerhard Richter. Bilder = Paintings 1962 - 1985 Harten, Jürgen / Hering, Karl-Heinz / Honisch, Dieter / Loock, Ulrich / Ronte, Dieter / Elger, Dietmar  1986

出版社

Museum Folkwang, Essen (1972)

图书资料

精装, 154 页

语言

意大利语, 德文, 英文

种类

个展
艺术品提到本作品: 第 39页 
图示本作品: 第 49 页 (黑白) 

展览

Gerhard Richter. 36. Biennale di Venezia, Padiglione tedesco = 36. Biennale in Venedig, Deutscher Pavilion = 36. Biennale in Venice, German Pavilion Honisch, Dieter / Helms, Dietrich / Honnef, Klaus / Ohff, Heinz / Dienst, Rolf Gunther / Schön, Rolf / Polke, Sigmar  1972

关于此作品的视频:

3 篇相关文献

标题 作者 日期

出版社

The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (2002)

图书资料

精装, 平装, 340 页

国际标准书号

189102437X

语言

英文

种类

个展

展览

与在纽约现代美术馆MoMA举办的《Gerhard Richter. 40 Years of Painting》展览同时出版,该展览图录收录了里希特过去四十年来最具代表性的各种作品,还有一篇由Robert Storr撰写的文章,以及Robert Storr对里希特的访谈节选。

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Forty Years of Painting Storr, Robert  2002
Gerhard Richter. Malerei Storr, Robert  2002
Gerhard Richter - The Art Institute of Chicago - San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (Sfmoma) - Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Rimanelli, David  2002