Gerhard Richter. Die umfassende Landschaftsausstellung

Gerhard Richter. A comprehensive landscape exhibition

Kunsthaus Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland

26 March 2021 – 25 July 2021

Stadtbild PL
Townscape PL

1970 170 cm x 170 cm Catalogue Raisonné: 250

Oil on canvas

If one looks at the large-format square townscapes [CR: 171, 175–177-3, 249–251], specific features of the artistic execution can be discerned.

In Townscape Madrid [CR: 171] streets, trees and buildings are clearly structured and easily recognisable. Some townscapes which were painted a little later on, such as Townscape Paris [CR: 175], Townscape D [CR: 176] and versions of Townscape F [CR: 177/1-3] and Townscape PL [CR: 249–251], appear to have been painted more quickly and less precisely; many details vanish due to the gestural and pastose application of paint. In Townscape Paris in particular, it is difficult to distinguish streets from houses.

Because of the missing details, the large-format cityscapes recall aerial photographs of post-war bombed-out cities – a parallel which Gerhard Richter himself draws in retrospect: "When I look back on the townscapes now, they do seem to me to recall certain images of the destruction of Dresden during the war."1

Gerhard Richter's artistic examination of figuration and abstraction in the townscapes also seems to play with distances: from afar the pictures can easily be identified as cityscapes, however, should the beholder move closer to the painting, the depiction dissolves into expanses and strokes of white, grey and black.

The artist plays with the viewer's urge to identify what is depicted, and it seems as if Richter himself tries to fathom when the image ceases to be recognisable.
Richter describes his preoccupation with bird’s-eye views of cities as "abandonment of the concept of interesting content and illusionistic painting; a spot of paint should be a spot of paint, and the motif needn't have a message or allow for interpretation."2 Nevertheless, in this series Gerhard Richter does not completely depart from his originally concrete motifs, as underlined by the choice of the descriptive title Townscape.

1 Comments on some works, 1991 in: Gerhard Richter: Text. Writings, Interviews and Letters 1961–2007, Thames & Hudson, London, 2009, p. 262
2 'Work Overview', 1968 in: Gerhard Richter: Text, p. 53

Notes prepared by editorial team

Neues Museum, Staatliches Museum für Kunst und Design, Nuremberg, Germany (Böckmann Collection)



This artwork is based on an image included in Atlas:

This artwork was shown in the following exhibitions:

This artwork is included in the following publications:

Title Author Date

Publisher

Duke University Press, Durham (2017)

Details

Softcover, 163 pages

ISBN

9780822370017

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 115-117 
Unconsolable Contemporary: Observing Gerhard Richter Rabinow, Paul  2017

Publisher

GNM, Nürnberg (2014)

Details

Softcover, 310 pages

ISBN

9783936688917

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkDiscussed: pp. 247-248 
Illustrated: p. 249 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Von oben gesehen. Die Vogelperspektive Doosry, Yasmin / Großmann, G. Ulrich / Kolesnikov, Julia / Schoch, Rainer / Krämer, Anna-Lena / Eser, Thomas / Hess, Daniel  2014

Publisher

Verlag für moderne Kunst, Nürnberg (2014)

Details

Softcover, 88 pages

ISBN

9783869845296

Languages

German, English

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 22, 80, 87 
Illustrated: pp. 2, 39 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Ausschnitt. Werke aus der Sammlung Böckmann = Detail. Paintings from the Böckmannn Collection Kraus, Eva / Nollert, Angelika / Fuchs, Caroline / Heyden, Thomas  2014

Publisher

LIT Verlag, Wien (2013)

Details

Softcover, 273 pages

ISBN

9783643504623

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 98-99 
Gerhard Richter und die Geschichte Deutschlands Jenni-Preihs, Monika  2013

Publisher

Prestel, München (2012)

Editor

Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille

Details

Hardback, 305 pages

ISBN

9783791351896

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 74-79 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter: Panorama: Retrospektive Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille / Borchardt-Hume, Achim / Dickson, Amy / Haidu, Rachel / Mehring, Christine  2012

Publisher

Édition du Centre Pompidou, Paris (2012)

Editor

Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille

Details

Hardback, 304 pages

ISBN

978-2844265746

ISBN

284426574X

Languages

French, English, French, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkDiscussed: pp. 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 81 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter, Panorama: une rétrospective = a retrospective Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille / Borchardt-Hume, Achim / Dickson, Amy / Haidu, Rachel / Mehring, Christine  2012

Publisher

Marsilio, Venezia (2011)

Details

Softcover, 219 pages

ISBN

9788831711128

Language

Italian

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 71, 118 
Il bordo del mondo: La forma sguardo nella pittura di Gerhard Richter Garbin, Emanuele  2011

Publisher

Tate Publishing, London (2011)

Details

Softcover, 288 pages

ISBN

1854379453

ISBN

978-1854379450

Language

English, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 74-78 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter: Panorama: A Retrospective Godfrey, Mark / Serota, Nicholas / Brill, Dorothée / Morineau, Camille / Borchardt-Hume, Achim / Dickson, Amy / Haidu, Rachel / Mehring, Christine  2011

In

Artco

Issue

December 2011, pp. 114–117

Language

Chinese

Category

Online Publications
ArtworkIllustrated: p. 116 (colour) 
由李希特「全景」展談起 黃亞紀  2011

Publisher

Tate Publishing, London (2010)

Details

Softcover, 96 pages

ISBN

9781854379641

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkDiscussed: pp. 65-69 

In this publication, eminent American scholar and curator Robert Storr offers an authoritative consideration of September, Richter’s 2005 painting made in response to the attacks on the WorldTrade Center of 11 September 2001

...
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September. A History Painting by Gerhard Richter Storr, Robert  2010

Publisher

University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL (2009)

Details

Hardback, 408 pages

ISBN

9780226203232

Language

English

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 158, 163 

Gerhard Richter has been widely regarded as a publicity shy artist. However, the biography Gerhard Richter. A Life in Painting gives an insight into Richter’s personal history as well as into the development of his artistic œuvre

...
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Gerhard Richter. A Life in Painting Elger, Dietmar  2009

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (2008)

Details

Hardback, 230 pages

Languages

Chinese, German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated: p. 93 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter: Bilder 1963 – 2007 is the catalogue published to coincide with the exhibition at the National Art Museum in Beijing in 2008

...
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Gerhard Richter. Bilder 1963 - 2007 Adriani, Götz / Elger, Dietmar  2008

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (2008)

Details

Hardback, 184 pages

ISBN

9783775721363

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 160 
Illustrated: p. 83 (colour) 

Exhibitions

The catalogue Gerhard Richter: Bilder aus privaten Sammlungen was published to coincide with exhibitions in Baden-Baden, Beijing, Edinburgh, Vienna and Duisburg in 2008 and 2009

...
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Gerhard Richter. Bilder aus privaten Sammlungen Adriani, Götz / Schwarz, Dieter  2008

Publisher

DuMont, Köln (2008)

Details

Softcover, 415 pages

ISBN

9783832190651

Language

German

Category

Monographs

Notes

Corrected and extended new edition.

ArtworkDiscussed: p. 184 

Gerhard Richter has been widely regarded as a publicity shy artist. However, the biography Gerhard Richter, Maler gives an insight into Richter’s personal history as well as into the development of his artistic œuvre

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter, Maler Elger, Dietmar  2008

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (2008)

Details

Hardback, 160 pages

ISBN

3775722483

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 137 

Exhibitions

The book was published on the occasion of the exhibition Gerhard Richter. Abstrakte Bilder at Museum Ludwig, Cologne and Haus der Kunst, Munich. The exhibitions were dedicated to Gerhard Richter’s abstract pictures

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter: Abstrakte Bilder Wilmes, Ulrich / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D. / Söntgen, Beate / Stemmrich, Gregor  2008

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (2008)

Details

Hardback, 160 pages

ISBN

9783775722490

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 137 

Exhibitions

The book was published on the occasion of the exhibition Gerhard Richter. Abstrakte Bilder at Museum Ludwig, Cologne and Haus der Kunst, Munich. The exhibitions were dedicated to Gerhard Richter’s abstract pictures

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Large Abstracts Wilmes, Ulrich / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D. / Söntgen, Beate / Stemmrich, Gregor  2008

Publisher

Hatje Cantz, Ostildern-Ruit (2006)

Details

Hardback, 224 pages

ISBN

9783775717243

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: p. 59 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Portraits is the first publication that focuses solely on Richter’s portraits, many of which have now gained both recognition and veneration across the globe

...
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Gerhard Richter. Portraits Gronert, Stefan / Butin, Hubertus  2006

Publisher

National Museum of Modern Arts, Seoul (2006)

Details

Softcover, 130 pages

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated: p. 41 (colour) 

Exhibitions

The catalogue was published on the occasion of an exhibition at the National Museum of Contemporary Art in Seoul, Korea in 2006, after being shown in Malaga, Lisbon and Athens beforehand

...
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Gerhard Richter Schilling, Jürgen  2006

Publisher

Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk, Denmark (2005)

Details

Hardback, 96 pages

ISBN

8791607094

Language

English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 39 
Illustrated: p. 36 (colour) 

Exhibitions

The book Gerhard Richter. Image after Image accompanied an eponymous exhibition at Louisiana Museum of Modern Art in Humlebaek that honoured Gerhard Richter's œuvre with a large scale exhibition for the first time in Denmark

...
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Gerhard Richter. Image after Image Holm, Michael Juul / Kold, Anders / Marcus, Mette / Tojner, Paul Erik  2005

Publisher

Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebæk (2005)

Details

Softcover, 93 pages

ISBN

8791607086

Language

Danish

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 39 
Illustrated: p. 36 (colour) 

Exhibitions

The book Gerhard Richter. Image after Image accompanied an eponymous exhibition at Louisiana Museum of Modern Art in Humlebaek that honoured Gerhard Richter's œuvre with a large scale exhibition for the first time in Denmark

...
More Details
Gerhard Richter. Billede efter billede Juul Holm, Michael  2005

Publisher

Frissiras Museum, Athens (2005)

Details

Hardback, 119 pages

ISBN

9608785081

Category

Solo Exhibitions

Notes

Exhibition catalogue in Greek and English, Frissiras Museum, Athens, September 20 - December 4, 2005.

ArtworkIllustrated: p. 53 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. A Private View Schilling, Jürgen  2005

Publisher

Richter Verlag, Düsseldorf in association with D.A.P Distributed Art Publishers, New York, NY (2005)

Details

Hardback, 324 pages

ISBN

9783937572215

ISBN

393757221X

Language

English, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 28 

Exhibitions

This catalogue raisonné records Richter’s works in the years 1993-2004. In his work, Gerhard Richter calls into question painting's boundaries, and the labels applied to painting and theories connected with them

...
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Gerhard Richter. Catalogue Raisonné 1993–2004 Zweite, Armin  2005

Publisher

Richter Verlag, Düsseldorf (2004)

Details

Hardback, 135 pages

ISBN

3937572007

Languages

German, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated: p. 47 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Catalogue accompanying the exhibition Gerhard Richter. A Private Collection held at the Centro de Arte Contemporáneo de Malaga, Spain (January 16 – April 18, 2004) and the Museu do Chiado, Museum Nacional de Arte Contemporanea, Lisbon, Portugal (April 29 – June 27, 2004)

...
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Gerhard Richter. Eine Privatsammlung = A Private Collection Francés, Fernando / Schilling, Jürgen  2004

Publisher

Gli Ori, Prato (1999)

Details

Softcover, 205 pages

ISBN

8887700079

Languages

Italian, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 16, 30, 169, 171, 179, 181 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter Corà, Bruno / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D. / Chevrier, Jean Francois / Moscati, Italo  1999

Publisher

Insel-Verlag, Frankfurt a. M. (1998)

Details

Softcover, 172 pages

ISBN

345833937X

Language

German

Category

Monographs
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 53, 54 
Gerhard Richter, 18. Oktober 1977. Eine Kunst-Monographie Hemken, Kai-Uwe  1998

Publisher

Berliner Kulturveranstaltungs-GmbH, Berlin (1997)

Details

Softcover, 99 pages

ISBN

3931226026

Languages

German, Russian

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated: p. 72 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Искусство нашего времени. Современное немецкое из частных берлинских собраний = Kunst unserer Zeit. Zeitgenössische deutsche Kunst aus Berliner Privatsammlungen Joachimidies, Christos M. / Schultz, Bernhard  1997

Publisher

Kulturhuset Stockholm (1996)

Details

69 pages

Languages

German, English

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated: p. 45 (colour) 

Exhibitions

En Helvetes Förvandling. Tysk Konst fran Nordrhein-Westfalen Baer, Monika / Engelking, Gerhard / Reinert, Jost  1996

Publisher

Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, Bangkok / Goethe-Institute, Bangkok (1996)

Details

Softcover, 88 pages

Languages

English, Thai

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated: p. 40 (b/w) 

Exhibitions

Young German Art of the 90s from North Rhine-Westfalia. The Generation after Becher, Beuys, Polke, Richter, Ruthenbeck Engelking, Gerhard / Reinert, Jost  1996

Publisher

Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit (1996)

Details

Hardback, 311 pages

ISBN

3893228608

Languages

English, German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkDiscussed: pp. 38, 48 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter, Sigmar Polke, Arnulf Rainer. Sammlung Frieder Burda = Collection Frieder Burda Poetter, Jochen / Brehm, Margrit / Möckel, Birgit  1996

Publisher

Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (1996)

Details

Softcover, 262 pages

Languages

French, Japanese

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated: p. 213 (colour) 

Exhibitions

La ville moderne en Europe. Visions urbaines d'artistes et d'architectes 1870 - 1996 Pradel, Jean-Louis / Eaton, Ruth / Chappey, Frédéric / Caltagirone, Sandra / Longchamp, Christian / Aoshima, Yuko / Kamon, Yasuo / Viatte, Germain / Dethier, Jean / Takashina, Shuji / Choay, Françoise / Yaguchi, Kunio / Matsuba, Kazukiyo / Longchamp, Christian  1996
Junge deutsche Kunst der 90er Jahre aus NRW. Die Generation nach Becher, Beuys, Polke, Richter, Ruthenbeck Engelking, Gerhard / Reinert, Jost  1994

Publisher

Neuer Berliner Kunstverein, Berlin (1993)

Details

Softcover, 54 pages

Language

German

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated (colour) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. Ausschnitt. 20 Bilder von 1965 - 1991 Nowald, Karlheinz  1993

Publisher

Kunsthalle Nürnberg, Nürnberg (1989)

Details

Softcover, 96 pages

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 70 
Illustrated: p. 71 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Malerei. Gotthard Graubner, Johannes Grützke, Gerhard Richter. Beispiele aus einer Privatsammlung Graubner, Gotthard / Grisebach, Lucius / Bardon, Annie / Horn, Wolfgang  1989

Publisher

Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam (1989)

Details

Softcover, 166 pages

ISBN

9069180464

Languages

Dutch, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 25, 26 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter 1988/89 Schampers, Karel / Tilroe, Anna / Buchloh, Benjamin H. D.  1989

Publisher

Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart (1988)

Details

Unknown binding, 171 pages

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated: p. 119 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Der Hang zur Architektur in der Malerei der Gegenwart Klotz, Heinrich  1988

Publisher

Edition Hentrich, Berlin (1987)

Details

Softcover, 229 pages

ISBN

3926175079

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated (colour) 

Exhibitions

Der unverbrauchte Blick. Kunst unserer Zeit in Berliner Sicht. Eine Ausstellung aus Privatsammlungen in Berlin Joachimides, Christos M. / Tuwisse, Nicolaas / Schmied, Wieland  1987
Gerhard Richter. Bilder = Paintings 1962 - 1985 Harten, Jürgen / Hering, Karl-Heinz / Honisch, Dieter / Loock, Ulrich / Ronte, Dieter / Elger, Dietmar  1986

Publisher

Prestel, München (1986)

Details

Softcover, 502 pages

ISBN

3791307282

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated (colour) 

Exhibitions

Deutsche Kunst im 20. Jahrhundert. Malerei und Plastik, 1905 - 1985 Joachimides, Christos M. / Rosenthal, Norman / Schmied, Wieland  1986

Publisher

Nicolai, Berlin (1985)

Details

Softcover, 732 pages

ISBN

3875841581

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: p. 249 
Illustrated: p. 249 (colour) 

Exhibitions

1945-1985. Kunst in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland Bartmann, Dominik / Grisebach, Lucius / Honisch, Dieter / Schmitz, Britta / Schneider, Angela / Schweinebraden Freiherr von Wichmann-Eichhorn, Jürgen / Svestka, Jiri / Bischoff, Ulrich / Calvocoressi, Richard / Baron Döry, Ludwig / Grochowiak, Thomas / Honnef, Klaus / Wedewer, Rolf  1985

Publisher

Museum Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden (1985)

Details

Hardback, 219 pages

ISBN

3892580006

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 39, 50 
Illustrated: p. 51 (colour) 

Exhibitions

Modus Vivendi, 1960-1985. 11 deutsche Maler. Beispiele einer Sammlung Böckmann, Georg / Herbst, Arnulf / Reindl, Peter / Schilling, Jürgen / Harten, Jürgen  1985

Publisher

Interessengemeinschaft Berliner Kunsthändler, Berlin (1978)

Details

Softcover, 261 pages

Language

German

Category

Group Exhibitions
ArtworkIllustrated: p. 133 (b/w) 

Exhibitions

Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts aus Berliner Privatbesitz Heidrich, Hanspeter  1978

Publisher

Museum Folkwang, Essen (1972)

Details

Hardback, 154 pages

Languages

Italian, German, English

Category

Solo Exhibitions
ArtworkMentioned: pp. 10-11, 42 
Illustrated: p. 65 (b/w) 

Exhibitions

Gerhard Richter. 36. Biennale di Venezia, Padiglione tedesco = 36. Biennale in Venedig, Deutscher Pavilion = 36. Biennale in Venice, German Pavilion Honisch, Dieter / Helms, Dietrich / Honnef, Klaus / Ohff, Heinz / Dienst, Rolf Gunther / Schön, Rolf / Polke, Sigmar  1972

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